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[Full-disclosure] Cisco Security Advisory: Vulnerability In Crypto Library

From: Cisco Systems Product Security Incident Response Team <psirt_at_nospam>
Date: Tue May 22 2007 - 14:57:53 GMT
To: full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk


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Cisco Security Advisory: Vulnerability In Crypto Library

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20070522-crypto.shtml

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070522-crypto.shtml

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2007 May 22 1300 UTC (GMT)

  • ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary


A vulnerability has been discovered in a third party cryptographic library which is used by a number of Cisco products. This vulnerability may be triggered when a malformed Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) object is parsed. Due to the nature of the vulnerability it may be possible, in some cases, to trigger this vulnerability without a valid certificate or valid application-layer credentials (such as a valid username or password).

Successful repeated exploitation of any of these vulnerabilities may lead to a sustained Denial-of-Service (DoS); however, vulnerabilities are not known to compromise either the confidentiality or integrity of the data or the device. These vulnerabilities are not believed to allow an attacker will not be able to decrypt any previusly encrypted information.

The vulnerable cryptographic library is used in the following Cisco products:

  • Cisco IOS
  • Cisco IOS XR
  • Cisco PIX and ASA Security Appliances
  • Cisco Firewall Service Module (FWSM)
  • Cisco Unified CallManager

This vulnerability is assigned CVE ID CVE-2006-3894. It is externally coordinated and is tracked by the following external coordinators:

  • JPCERT/CC - tracked as JVNVU#754281
  • CPNI - tracked as NISCC-362917
  • CERT/CC - tracked as VU#754281

Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. There are no workarounds available to mitigate the effects of the vulnerability.

This advisory is posted at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070522-crypto.shtml.

Note: Another related advisory is posted together with this Advisory. It also describes vulnerabilities related to cryptography that affect Cisco IOS. A combined software table for Cisco IOS only is available at http://www.cisco.com /warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070522-cry-bundle.shtml and can be used to choose a software release which fixes all security vulnerabilities published as of May 22, 2007. The related advisory is published at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070522-SSL.shtml

Affected Products


Vulnerable Products +------------------

This vulnerability affects all products that use affected versions of third party cryptographic libraries and enabled applications that are using crypto-related function. The following Cisco products are identified to be vulnerable:

  • Cisco IOS
  • Cisco IOS XR
  • Cisco PIX and ASA Security Appliances (only 7.x releases are affected)
  • Cisco Firewall Service Module (FWSM), all releases prior 2.3(5) and 3.1(6) are affected
  • Cisco Unified CallManager

The following text lists application layer protocols or features that must be enabled in order for a device to be vulnerable. It is sufficient that only one protocol or feature is enabled in order for a devices to be vulnerable. In order to be not vulnerable, all of the listed application protocols or features must be disabled.

Affected protocols in Cisco IOS +------------------------------

To determine the software running on a Cisco IOS product, log in to the device and issue the "show version" command to display the system banner. Cisco IOS software will identify itself as "Internetwork Operating System Software" or simply "IOS." On the next line of output, the image name will be displayed between parentheses, followed by "Version" and the Cisco IOS release name. Other Cisco devices will not have the "show version" command, or will give different output.

Only Cisco IOS images that contain the Crypto Feature Set are vulnerable. Customers who are not running an IOS image with crypto support are not exposed to this vulnerability.

Cisco IOS feature set naming indicates that IOS images with crypto support have 'K8' or 'K9' in the feature designator field.

The following example shows output from a device running an IOS image with crypto support:

    Router>show version
    Cisco IOS Software, 7200 Software (C7200-IK9S-M), Version 12.3(14)T1, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)     Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport     Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by Cisco Systems, Inc.     Compiled Thu 31-Mar-05 08:04 by yiyan

Since the feature set designator (IK9S) contains 'K9', it can be determine that this feature set contains crypto support.

Additional information about Cisco IOS release naming is available at the following link:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1828/products_white_paper09186a008018305e.shtml.

You are affected by this vulnerability if you are running one of the vulnerable IOS software releases and have, at least one, of the following protocols or features enabled:

  • Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)
  • In some IOS releases the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) may also be affected
  • Threat Information Distribution Protocol (TIDP)
  • Cisco IOS SIP Gateway Signaling Support Over TLS (SIP-TLS)
  • Extensible Authentication Protocol-Transport Layer Security (EAP-TLS)

As some other protocols may use affected crypto library the most accurate way to determine if your IOS release is vulnerable is to consult fixed IOS releases table.

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) +-----------------------------------------------------------------

To determine if your device has ISAKMP enabled, enter the command "show crypto isakmp policy". Below is an example of a device that has ISAKMP enabled.

    Router#show crypto isakmp policy

    Global IKE policy
    Protection suite of priority 1
    <more output>

If your output is like in the following example then you do not have IKE enabled on your device.

    Router#show crypto isakmp policy
    ISAKMP is turned off

In Cisco IOS two features rely on ISAKMP - IPSec and Group Domain of Interpretation (GDOI). Presence of either of these features is detected by the previous example.

Prior to IOS version 12.3(8)T, IKE was enabled by default, with no crypto configuration needed for the IOS device to process IKE messages.

12.2SXD versions of Cisco IOS have IKE enabled by default. To ensure that IKE processing is disabled, enter the global configuration command "no crypto isakmp enable".

As of IOS version 12.3(2)T (which includes all 12.4-based versions), crypto configuration is required to enable IKE message processing.

In order for an IOS device to be vulnerable crypto map must be explicilty configured and applied to an interface.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) +------------------------

In some Cisco IOS software releases the vulnerable library is used to process elements of SSL functionalities. SSL is used to protect several application layer protocols like Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over SSL (HTTPS).

HTTPS is not the only protocol that may use SSL but it is the most commonly known. In order to determine if your device has HTTPS configured enter the command "show running | include secure". Below is an example of a device that has HTTPS enabled.

    router#show running | include secure-server     ip http secure-server

Threat Information Distribution Protocol (TIDP) +----------------------------------------------

To determine if your device has TDIP enabled, enter the command "show running-config | include parameter-map". Below is an example of a device that has TDIP enabled.

    router#show running | include parameter-map     parameter-map type tms TMS_PAR

Cisco IOS SIP Gateway Signaling Support Over TLS (SIP-TLS) +---------------------------------------------------------

To determine if your device has SIP-TLS enabled, enter the command "show running-config | include crypto signaling". Below is an example of a device that has SIP-TLS enabled.

    router#show running | include crypto signaling     crypto signaling default trustpoint user1

Extensible Authentication Protocol-Transport Layer Security (EAP-TLS) +--------------------------------------------------------------------

To determine if your device has EAP-TLS enabled, enter the command "show running-config | include method". Below is an example of a device that has EAP-TLS enabled.

    Router#show running | include method     method tls

Affected protocols in Cisco IOS XR +---------------------------------

You are affected by this vulnerability if you are running one of the vulnerable Cisco IOS XR software releases and have, at least one, of the following protocols or features enabled:

  • Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)
  • In some IOS XR releases the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) may also be affected
  • Secure Shell (SSH)

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) +-----------------------------------------------------------------

To determine if your device has ISAKMP enabled, enter the command "show running-config | include isakmp". Below is an example of a device that has IKE enabled.

    Router#show running-config | include isakmp crypto isakmp crypto isakmp policy 1 crypto isakmp profile profile-a

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) +------------------------

SSL is used to provide secure communications to the application layer protocols like Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over SSL (HTTPS) and Object Request Brokers (ORB). To determine if your device has any service enabled that uses SSL, enter one of the following commands "show running-config | include http server ssl" or "show running-config | include xml agent corba ssl". Below is an example of a device that has both of the services enabled.

    Router#show running-config | include http server ssl

           http server ssl

    Router#show running-config | include xml agent corba ssl

           xml agent corba ssl

Secure Shell (SSH) +-----------------

SSH is an application and a protocol that provides secure replacement for the suite of Berkeley r-tools such as rsh, rlogin and rcp. It is highly prefered over Telnet for interactive sessions. To determine if your device has SSH enabled enter the command "show running-config | include ssh server". Below is an example of a device that has SSH enabled.

    Router#show running-config | include ssh server ssh server ssh server rate-limit 100

Affected protocols in Cisco PIX and ASA Security Appliances +----------------------------------------------------------

You are affected by this vulnerability if you are running one of the vulnerable Cisco PIX and ASA software releases and have, at least one, of the following protocols or features enabled:

  • Secure Shell (SSH)
  • Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP)
  • Secure Socket Layer (SSL)

Secure Shell (SSH) +-----------------

To determine if a device has SSH enabled, enter the command "show running" and observe the output. If it contains the line as in the following example then SSH is enabled.

    PIX#show running
    ....
    ssh <host_IP_address> <host_netmask> <interface>     ....

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP) +-----------------------------------------------------------------

To determine if a device has ISAKMP enabled, enter the command "show running" and observe the output. If it contains the lines as in the following example then ISAKMP is enabled.

    PIX#show running
    ....
    crypto isakmp policy 2
     authentication rsa-sig
    ....

Secure Socket Layer (SSL) +------------------------

SSL is used to protect several application layer protocols like Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over SSL (HTTPS) and Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) session.

To determine if a device has SSL enabled, enter the command "show running" and observe the output. If it contains the line as in the following example then SSL is enabled.

    PIX#show running
    ....
    http server enable
    ....

Affected protocols in Cisco Unified CallManager +----------------------------------------------

You are affected by this vulnerability if you are running one of the vulnerable Cisco Unified CallManager software releases and have, at least one, of the following protocols or features enabled:

  • Certificate Authority Proxy Function (CAPF)
  • Cisco TAPI Service Provider (Cisco Unified CallManager TSP)

Certificate Authority Proxy Function (CAPF) +------------------------------------------

CAPF is automatically installed with Cisco CallManager but is disabled by default. In order to verify if CAPF is enabled on your Unified CallManager do the following steps.

  • Step 1 - In Cisco CallManager Administration, choose Service > Service Parameter.
  • Step 2 - If you are running 4.x software then do the following: from the Server drop-down list box, choose the publisher database server. If you are running 5.x software then do the following: From the Server drop-down list box, choose the first node.
  • Step 3 - From the Service drop-down list box, choose the Cisco Certificate Authority Proxy Function service.

If you are given CAPF parameters then CAPF is running on your system.

Cisco TAPI Service Provider (Cisco Unified CallManager TSP) +----------------------------------------------------------

In order to determine if Cisco Unified CallManager TSP is installed open Windows Control Panel (Start > Control Panel) and click on Add/Remove Programs. If 'Cisco Unity-CM TSP' is listed then you have it installed on your system.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable +--------------------------------

No other Cisco products are currently known to be affected by this vulnerability. Specifically, the following product's features or products are known not to be affected:

  • Cisco IOS + Secure Shell (SSH) + Secure Copy (SCP)
  • Cisco Unified Call Manager + Hyper Text Transfer Protocol over SSL (HTTPS) + Cisco Unified CallManager is configured for Secure Survivable Remote Site Telephony (SRST)
  • MeetingPlace Express and MeetingPlace for Telepresence
  • Cisco IP Communicator
  • All Cisco Unified IP Phones 7900 Series
  • CIP TN3270 Server
  • Cisco GSS 4400 Series Global Site Selector Appliances
  • Cisco CatOS

The list is not exhaustive.

Details


ASN.1 is defined by ITU-T (International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Sector) standards and it describes, among other things, data structures for encoding values. The vulnerability addressed by this advisory is related to the implementation of parsing certain data structures and is not a vulnerability in the standard itself.

Protocols that use ASN.1 (e.g., voice over IP, Simple Network Management Protocol and others), but do not rely on the vulnerable crypto library, are not affected. This advisory only addresses an implementation issue in a particular crypto library from a single vendor.

This vulnerability is present in the following Cisco products:

  • Cisco IOS, documented as Cisco bug ID CSCsd85587
  • Cisco IOS XR, documented as Cisco bug ID CSCsg41084
  • Cisco PIX and ASA Security Appliances, documented as Cisco bug ID CSCse91999
  • Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM), documented as Cisco bug ID CSCsi97695
  • Cisco Unified CallManager, documented as Cisco bug ID CSCsg44348

Vulnerability Scoring Details +----------------------------

Cisco is providing scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS).

Cisco will provide a base and temporal score. Customers can then compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the vulnerability in individual networks.

Cisco PSIRT will set the bias in all cases to normal. Customers are encouraged to apply the bias parameter when determining the environmental impact of a particular vulnerability.

CVSS is a standards based scoring method that conveys vulnerability severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS at http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/cvss-qandas.html.

Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the environmental impact for individual networks at http://intellishield.cisco.com/security/alertmanager/cvss.

Cisco Bug IDs:

CSCsd85587 - Router crashes when processing ISAKMP message

CVSS Base Score: 3.3

    Access Vector: Remote
    Access Complexity: Low
    Authentication: Not Required
    Confidentiality Impact: None
    Integrity Impact: None
    Availability Impact: Complete
    Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 2.7

    Exploitability: Functional
    Remediation Level: Official Fix
    Report Confidence: Confirmed

CSCsg41084 - IOS XR crashes when processing ISAKMP message

CVSS Base Score: 3.3

    Access Vector: Remote
    Access Complexity: Low
    Authentication: Not Required
    Confidentiality Impact: None
    Integrity Impact: None
    Availability Impact: Complete
    Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 2.7

    Exploitability: Functional
    Remediation Level: Official Fix
    Report Confidence: Confirmed

CSCse91999 - PIX/ASA crashes when processing ISAKMP message

CVSS Base Score: 3.3

    Access Vector: Remote
    Access Complexity: Low
    Authentication: Not Required
    Confidentiality Impact: None
    Integrity Impact: None
    Availability Impact: Complete
    Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 2.7

    Exploitability: Functional
    Remediation Level: Official Fix
    Report Confidence: Confirmed

CSCsg44348 - Unified CallManager crashes when processing crypto message

CVSS Base Score: 3.3

    Access Vector: Remote
    Access Complexity: Low
    Authentication: Not Required
    Confidentiality Impact: None
    Integrity Impact: None
    Availability Impact: Complete
    Impact Bias: Normal

CVSS Temporal Score: 2.7

    Exploitability: Functional
    Remediation Level: Official Fix
    Report Confidence: Confirmed

Impact


Successful exploitation of the vulnerability listed in this advisory may result in the crash of a vulnerable device. Repeated exploitation can result in a sustained DoS attack.

Software Versions and Fixes


When considering software upgrades, also consult http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center ("TAC") or your contracted maintenance provider for assistance.

Each row of the Cisco IOS software table (below) describes a release train. If a given release train is vulnerable, then the earliest possible releases that contain the fix (the "First Fixed Release") and the anticipated date of availability for each are listed in the "Rebuild" and "Maintenance" columns. A device running a release in the given train that is earlier than the release in a specific column (less than the First Fixed Release) is known to be vulnerable. The release should be upgraded at least to the indicated release or a later version (greater than or equal to the First Fixed Release label).

For more information on the terms "Rebuild" and "Maintenance," consult the following URL:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1828/products_white_paper09186a008018305e.shtml

Cisco IOS
+--------

Fixed Cisco IOS software releases are listed in the table below. +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Major Release | Availability of Repaired Releases | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | Affected 12.2-Based Release | Rebuild | Maintenance | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2B | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2BC | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2BZ | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2CX | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2CZ | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2EW | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2EWA | 12.2(25)EWA9 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2EX | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2EY | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2EZ | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2FX | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2FY | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(35)SE2 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2FZ | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(35)SE2 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2IXA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2IXB | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2IXC | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2JA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2JK | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SB | 12.2(31)SB3 | | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.2SE | 12.2(35)SE2 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEA | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEB | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEC | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SED | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(25)SEE3 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEE | 12.2(25)SEE3 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEF | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(35)SE2 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SEG | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(35)SE2 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SG | | 12.2(37)SG | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.2SGA | 12.2(31)SGA1 | | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.2SRA | 12.2(33)SRA3 | | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.2SRB | | 12.2(33)SRB | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SXD | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(18)SXF8 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SXE | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.2(18)SXF8 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2SXF | 12.2(18)SXF8 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2T | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.3(22) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2XR | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.3(22) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2YU | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2YV | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZD | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZE | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.3(22) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZF | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZG | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZH | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZJ | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZL | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZU | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.2ZW | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | Affected 12.3-Based Release | Rebuild | Maintenance | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.3 | | 12.3(22) | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3B | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3BC | 12.3(17b)BC6 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3JA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3JEA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3JK | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3JL | 12.3(2)JL1 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3JX | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3T | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3TPC | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XB | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XC | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XD | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XE | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XF | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XG | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XH | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XI | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XJ | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XK | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XQ | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XR | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XS | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XU | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XW | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3XX | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(10) or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YA | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YD | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YF | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YG | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YH | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YI | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YK | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YQ | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YS | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YT | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YU | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YX | 12.3(14)YX7 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.3YZ | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | Affected 12.4-Based Release | Rebuild | Maintenance | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.4 | 12.4(7d) | 12.4(10) | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.4SW | 12.4(11)SW1 | | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | | 12.4(6)T7 | | | |---------------------+------------------------| | 12.4T | 12.4(9)T3 | | | |---------------------+------------------------| | | 12.4(11)T1 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XA | Vulnerable; migrate to 12.4(6)T7 or later | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XB | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XC | 12.4(4)XC6 | | |------------------------------+---------------------+------------------------| | 12.4XD | 12.4(4)XD6 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XE | Vulnerable; contact TAC | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XJ | 12.4(11)XJ2 | | |------------------------------+----------------------------------------------| | 12.4XP | Vulnerable; contact TAC | +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Cisco IOS XR
+-----------

The following table lists fixed Cisco IOS XR software. +---------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Cisco IOS XR | SMU ID | SMU Name | | Version | | | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.2.3 | AA01802 | hfr-k9sec-3.2.3.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.2.4 | AA01801 | hfr-k9sec-3.2.4.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.2.6 | AA01800 | hfr-k9sec-3.2.6.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.0 | AA01799, | hfr-k9sec-3.3.0.CSCsg41084 | | | AA01780 | | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.0 | AA01780 | c12k-k9sec-3.3.0.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.1 | AA01781 | c12k-k9sec-3.3.1.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.1 | AA01798 | hfr-k9sec-3.3.1.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.2 | AA01797 | hfr-k9sec-3.3.2.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.3 | AA01796 | hfr-k9sec-3.3.3.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.3.3 | AA01785 | c12k-k9sec-3.3.3.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.4.0 | AA01782 | c12k-k9sec-3.4.0.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.4.0 | AA01795 | hfr-k9sec-3.4.0.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.4.1 | AA01783 | c12k-k9sec-3.4.1.CSCsg41084 | |---------------------+-----------------+-----------------------------| | 3.4.1 | AA01794 | hfr-k9sec-3.4.1.CSCsg41084 | +---------------------------------------------------------------------+

IOS XR Package Installation Envelopes (PIE) can be downloaded from File Exchange at:
https://upload.cisco.com/cgi-bin/swc/fileexg/main.cgi?CONTYPES=IOS-XR Installation instructions are included in the accompanying .txt files.

Cisco PIX and ASA Security Appliance +-----------------------------------

This vulnerability is fixed in the following 7.x software releases: 7.0(6.7), 7.1(2.27), 7.2(1.22), 7.2(2). All 8.x software releases do contain the fixed library and are not affected. No 6.x software releases are affected by this vulnerability.

Cisco Firewall Service Module (FWSM) +-----------------------------------

This vulnerability is fixed in the following software releases:

  • 2.3(5) maintenance release, expected in 2007-June
  • 3.1(6) maintenance release, expected in 2007-June

Cisco Unified CallManager +------------------------

This vulnerability is fixed in the following software releases.

  • 4.0(x) releases are vulnerable but no fix will be provided. Customers are advised to upgrade to the fixed 4.1 or 4.2 software.
  • 4.1(3)sr.5 expected in 2007-May-24
  • 4.2(3)sr.2 expected in 2007-May
  • 4.3(1)sr.1 expected 2007-Jun
  • 5.0(4) - no fixed software planned, users should upgrade to 5.1(2)
  • 5.1(1) - no fixed software planned, users should upgrade to 5.1(2)
  • 5.1(2)

Workarounds


The only way to prevent a device being susceptible to the listed vulnerabilities is to disable the affected service(s). However, if regular maintenance and operation of the device relies on these services then there is no workaround.

It is possible to mitigate these vulnerabilities by preventing unauthorized hosts to access the affected devices. Additional mitigations that can be deployed on Cisco devices within the network are available in the Cisco Applied Intelligence companion document for this advisory:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/ public/707/cisco-air-20070522-crypto.shtml

Control Plane Policing (CoPP) +----------------------------

Control Plane Policing: IOS software versions that support Control Plane Policing (CoPP) can be configured to help protect the device from attacks that target the management and control planes. CoPP is available in Cisco IOS release trains 12.0S, 12.2SX, 12.2S, 12.3T, 12.4, and 12.4T.

In the CoPP example below, the ACL entries that match the exploit packets with the permit action will be discarded by the policy-map drop function, while packets that match a deny action (not shown) are not affected by the policy-map drop function. !-- Include deny statements up front for any protocols/ports/IP addresses that !-- should not be impacted by CoPP !-- Include permit statements for the protocols/ports that will be governed by CoPP !-- port 443 - HTTPS
    access-list 100 permit tcp any any eq 443     !-- port 500 - IKE
    access-list 100 permit udp any any eq 500     !-- port 848 - GDOI
    access-list 100 permit tcp any any eq 848     !-- port 5060 - SIP-TLS
    access-list 100 permit tcp any any eq 5060     !-- port 5354 - TIDP
    access-list 100 permit tcp any any eq 5354 !-- Permit (Police or Drop)/Deny (Allow) all other Layer3 and Layer4 !-- traffic in accordance with existing security policies and !-- configurations for traffic that is authorized to be sent !-- to infrastructure devices. ! !-- Create a Class-Map for traffic to be policed by !-- the CoPP feature. ! class-map match-all Drop-Known-Undesirable match access-group 100 ! !-- Create a Policy-Map that will be applied to the     !-- Control-Plane of the device.
    !
    policy-map CoPP-Input-Policy class Drop-Known-Undesirable drop !-- Apply the Policy-Map to the Control-Plane of the     !-- device.
    !
    control-plane
     service-policy input CoPP-Input-Policy

Please note that in the 12.0S, 12.2S, and 12.2SX Cisco IOS trains, the policy-map syntax is different:

    policy-map CoPP-Input-Policy class Drop-Known-Undesirable police 32000 1500 1500 conform-action drop exceed-action drop

NOTE: In the above CoPP example, the ACL entries with the "permit" action that match the exploit packets result in the discarding of those packets by the policy-map drop function, while packets that match the "deny" action are not affected by the policy-map drop function.

Additional information on the configuration and use of the CoPP feature can be found at
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6642/products_white_paper0900aecd804fa16a.shtml and
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/iosswrel/ps1838/products_feature_guide09186a008052446b.html

Access Control List (ACL) +------------------------

Access control lists can be used to help mitigate attacks that may try to exploit these vulnerabilities. This is done in a way that only packets from the legitimate sources are allowed to reach the device and all others are dropped. access-list 101 permit tcp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 443 access-list 101 permit udp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 500 access-list 101 permit tcp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 506 access-list 101 permit tcp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 4848 access-list 101 permit tcp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 5060 access-list 101 permit tcp host <legitimate_host_IP_address> host <router_IP_address> eq 5354 access-list 101 deny tcp any any eq 443 access-list 101 deny udp any any eq 500 access-list 101 deny tcp any any eq 506 access-list 101 deny udp any any eq 4848 access-list 101 deny tcp any any eq 5060 access-list 101 deny tcp any any eq 5354

Obtaining Fixed Software


Cisco has made free software available to address this vulnerability for affected customers. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-license-agreement.html, or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml.

Do not contact either "psirt@cisco.com" or "security-alert@cisco.com" for software upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts +-------------------------------

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com.

Customers using Third-party Support Organizations +------------------------------------------------

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific customer situations such as product mix, network topology, traffic behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected products and releases, customers should consult with their service provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts +----------------------------------

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but who do not hold a Cisco service contract and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should get their upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

  • +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  • +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
  • e-mail: tac@cisco.com

Have your product serial number available and give the URL of this notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested through the TAC.

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml for additional TAC contact information, including special localized telephone numbers and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements


The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious use of the vulnerability described in this Advisory.

This vulnerability was discovered by Cisco during internal testing.

Status of This Notice: Interim


THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME. CISCO EXPECTS TO UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AS NEW INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE. A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain factual errors.

Distribution


This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20070522-crypto.shtml.

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

  • cust-security-announce@cisco.com
  • first-teams@first.org
  • bugtraq@securityfocus.com
  • vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org
  • cisco@spot.colorado.edu
  • cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net
  • full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk
  • comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History


+---------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Revision 1.0 | 2007-May-22 | Initial public release. | +---------------------------------------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures


Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available on Cisco's worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.

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